Who is the president of India?
The president of the India acts as the head of the states of the India and also, he acts as the commander of in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
Where are the elections for the President held?
The elections for the President held in the Parliament House and In front of all State Legislative Assembly Secretariats. The voters of the casts their votes in a secret paper ballot at the Parliament House.
Qualifications for the President of India
According to the constitution of India article 58 the person should relax the following conditions.
- Must be a citizen of India.
- More than the age of 35 years.
- Qualify for the election as a member of the House of the People.
- Should not hold office of profit under the Indian Government.
- Only eligible for election as President if he/she is holding the office of President or Vice-President.
- Eligible for election as President if he/she is holding the office of the Governor.
- Eligible only when for election as President if he/she is holding the office of Union/ State Minister.
President of India electoral Members
Legislative Assemblies of States:
As indicated by Article 333, each state’s Legislative Assembly should comprise of at the very least 60 members but not in excess of 500 individuals.
12 individuals are designated by the President of India dependent on abilities or informative knowledge on literature, expressions, science, and social help to go about as the individuals from the Council of States. Altogether, 238 speak to go about as delegates from both the States and Union Territories.
House of the People
The organization of the House of People comprises of 530 members from the state regional voting public. They are chosen through direct political race. The President further chooses 20 additional members) from the Union Territories.
Powers of President of India
- Legislative powers
- Executive powers
- Judicial powers
- Appointment powers
- Financial powers
- Diplomatic powers
- Military powers
- Pardoning powers
- Emergency powers
- National emergency
- Financial emergency
Salary & Term of President of India
Union Budget of India on 2018 it is confirmed that the president salary is 5 lakhs & The President of India’s office for a term of 5 years.
The process of electing the president of India
There are few different stages for electing president of India. Let’s see them…
Every applicant considering a run for the President of India’s office should record their selections by given date. The applicants were additionally required to pay Rs 15,000 as store and present a marked rundown of 50 proposers and 50 seconders. The proposers and seconders can be any of the 4,896 voters qualified to cast a ballot in the Presidential political race. A voter can just propose or second one competitor’s name.
This standard of getting ballotters to propose and second an individual’s candidature was embraced in 1974 after the Election Commission understood that in the 1952, 1957, 1962, 1967 and 1969 (an early political race after third President of India Zakir Husain’s passing in office) surveys, a few competitors presented their names despite the fact that they didn’t have “even a remote possibility of getting chose
On voting date all chosen MLAs, in their separate state and association region capitals, and every single chosen MP, at Parliament, will be given polling form papers (green hued for MPs and pink hued for MLAs) to make their choice. They will likewise be given unique pens, which is the main instrument they can use to record their votes.
Each polling form paper will contain the name of all applicants who are challenging the Presidential political race. The ballotters will continue to demonstrate their inclination for every competitor – stamping ‘1’ for the up-and-comer they most lean toward as President, ‘2’ for the applicant who is their subsequent inclination, etc. A ballotter isn’t required to check inclinations for every single Presidential applicant. He/she needs to just stamp their first inclination for their vote to be considered in the political race.
Segregating Ballot Papers
The Returning Officer will confirm all voting forms and start the tallying procedure utilizing the voting forms that are substantial. The voting form papers will be taken up state-wise and allocated to every up-and-comer’s plate contingent upon whose name shows up as the principal inclination. At that point the polling forms papers of the Members of Parliament are comparably circulated.
The absolute number of votes that a Presidential competitor accumulates is determined by including the estimation of the considerable number of polling forms in which a specific up-and-comer gets a first inclination.
Keep in mind, the estimation of each voting form paper relies upon who cast the votes. The polling form paper of an UP MLA will be esteemed at 208, of an Andhra Pradesh MLA at 159 and of an MLA from Sikkim at 7 (full rundown of the estimation of votes of MLAs from each state is toward the finish of this article). The estimation of the voting form paper of any MP (from Rajya Sabha or Lok Sabha) is 708. Including the estimation of each voting form paper that is in a competitor’s plate gives the all-out number of votes surveyed for that up-and-comer.
The victor of the Presidential political race isn’t the individual who gets the greatest number of votes, yet the individual who gets a bigger number of votes than a specific quantity. The amount is chosen by including the votes surveyed for every applicant, partitioning the whole by 2 and including ‘1’ to the remainder.
The up-and-comer who surveys a bigger number of votes than the statement is the champ. In the event that, nobody gets a larger number of votes than the amount, at that point the applicant with the most reduced number of votes is wiped out.
At that point, the dispensed with up-and-comers’ polling form papers are conveyed between the rest of the hopefuls dependent on those voting form papers’ second inclination decision. The way toward checking the absolute decisions in favour of every up-and-comer is then rehashed to check whether any one surveys over the portion.
The procedure proceeds until somebody’s votes count up to more than the share, or until only one competitor is left after the consistent disposals, so, all in all that individual is proclaimed as the champ of the President of India.
Presidents of India list from 1947 to 2019
|Rajendra Prasad||26 January 1950 – 12 May 1962|
|Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan||14 May 1962 – 13 May 1967|
|Zakir Hussain||13 May 1967 – 3 May 1969|
|VV Giri||3 May 1969 – 20 July 1969|
|Mohammad Hidayatullah||20 July 1969 – 24 August 1969|
|V.V Giri||24 August 1969 – 24 August 1974|
|Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed||24 August 1974 – 11 February 1977|
|Basappa Danappa Jatti||11 February 1977 – 25 July 1977|
|Neelam Sanjiva Reddy||25 July 1977 – 25 July 1982|
|Giani Zail Singh||25 July 1982 – 25 July 1987|
|R Venkataraman||25 July 1987 – 25 July 1992|
|Shankar Dayal Sharma||25 July 1992 – 25 July 1997|
|Kocheril Raman Narayanan/ K R Narayanan||25 July 1997 – 25 July 2002|
|APJ Abdul Kalam||25 July 2002 – 25 July 2007|
|Pratibha Patil||25 July 2007 – 25 July 2012|
|Pranab Mukherjee||25 July 2012 – 25 July 2017|
|Ram Nath Kovind||(25 July 2017 –)|
- who appoints the president of India?
Legislative assembles, states councils and houses of the parliaments elects and chief justice of India appoints the President of India.
- who elects the prime minister of India?
Also Read: Who Elects The Vice President Of India ?